The buzz about Roth IRA conversions is getting louder. And why not? For the first time ever, higher-income taxpayers can convert their traditional IRAs into a Roth. Beginning in 2010, the prior restriction for taxpayers with an adjusted gross income (AGI) above $100,000 is eliminated. Also, you can split the tax bill for a 2010 Roth conversion evenly over 2011 and 2012. (You report 50% of the income in each of those years.)
But should you convert to a Roth? That’s another story. Don’t assume that a conversion is right for you just because you can do it for the first time. Also, if it suits your purposes, you might convert only part of your traditional IRA assets and leave the rest alone.
Qualified distributions from a Roth (e.g., distributions after age 59 ½ and after having a Roth IRA in existence for more than five years) are federal-income-tax-free. Plus, you’re not required to take minimum distributions after age 70 1/2 like you are with a traditional IRA. These future benefits offer plenty of incentive to convert to a Roth this year.
If you are liable for additional tax due to AMT, a partial or entire conversion from a traditional IRA to a ROTH IRA may be a means to pay no additional income tax and gain this benefit of conversion.
However, there are other variables to consider. For example:
- Many online calculations assume that you’ll be paying the full amount of tax on the conversion with funds outside of your IRA. That might not the case. If you have to use some or all of the IRA assets to pay the tax piper, this will dilute or even wipe out the benefit of the conversion.
- The numbers will also change if you’ve contributed to IRAs on a nondeductible basis. There’s no tax on the portion attributable to these contributions.
- Consider the impact of any state and local income taxes owed in addition to federal income tax. This is especially critical if you live in a high-tax state.
- The additional tax liability on the conversion could push you into a higher tax bracket. Conversely, if you delay the conversion until you’re in a lower tax bracket, you might come out ahead.
It is important to note that unknown tax law changes that may occur between now, the end of the year and into 2011 may be either beneficial or damaging to a conversion.
This critical decision requires a thorough analysis of the facts. Remember: Every situation is different. Do not hesitate to contact our office to schedule a consultation for personal guidance.